Who Is Hussain Ibn Ali In?

Who-is-Hussain

Hussain Ibn Ali

Hussain Ibn Ali Ibn Abi Talib‎, romanized: (Al-Ḥusayn Ibn ʿAlīy Ibn ʾAbī Ṭālib‎) 10 January AD 626 – 10 October 680) was a grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a son of Ali Ibn Abi Talib and Muhammad’s daughter Fatimah. He is an important figure in Islam as he was a member of the Household of Muhammad (Ahl al-Bayt), as well as the third Shia Imam.
Hussain and Prophet Muhammad Hussain and his brother Hasan were reportedly the last male descendants of Muhammad living during his lifetime and remaining after his death. There are many accounts of his love for them that refer to them together. Muhammad is reported to have said that “He who loves me and loves these two, their father and their mother, will be with me at my place on the Day of Resurrection. And that “Hussain is of me and I am of him. Allah loves those who love Hussain. Hussain is a grandson among grandsons. A narration declares Hasan and Hussain as the “Masters of the Youth of Paradise”.

According to Wilferd Madelung, Muhammad loved them and declared them as people of his Bayt very frequently. He has also said: “Every mother’s children are associated with their father except for the children of Fatima for I am their father and lineage.” Thus, the descendants of Fatimah were descendants of Muhammad and part of his Bayt.

Wilferd Ferdinand Madelung is a German-American author and scholar of Islamic history. Madelung was a Laudian Professor of Arabic at the University of Oxford from 1978 to 1998

Family

Hussain’s maternal grandmother was Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, and his paternal grandparents were Abu Talib and Fatimah bint Asad. Hasan and Hussain were regarded by Muhammad as his own sons due to his love for them and as they were the sons of his daughter Fatima. He said, “Every mother’s children are associated with their father except for the children of Fatimah for I am their father and lineage.” Thus, the descendants of Fatimah are the descendants of Muhammad and are part of his family.
It was in this context Hussain Ibn Ali developed his principles and as a young man was widely respected across the lands for his integrity.

Hussain Ibn Ali Had Several Children

Ali Zayn al-‘Ābidīn (“Adornment of the Worshipers”) (b. AH 36) (Mother: Shahrbanu).
Sakinah (b. AH 38) (Mother: Shahrbanu).
Ali al-Akbar (“The great”) (b. AH 42) (Mother: Layla).
Fatimah as-Sughra (b. AH 45) (Mother: Layla).
Sukaynah (b. AH 56) (Mother: Rubab).
Ali al-Asghar (“The small”) (b. AH 60) (Mother: Rubab).

Reign of Yazid and the Ashura Event

In April 680, Yazid succeeded his father as caliph. He immediately instructed the governor of Medina to compel Hussain and few other prominent figures to pledge their allegiance. As a young child, Hussain Ibn Ali witnessed his grandfather – the Prophet Muhammad – strive to establish a morally just society. Prior to the rise of Muhammad and the advent of Islam, Arabian society was plagued by tribal feuds and gross inequality. Hussain, however, refrained from it, believing that Yazid was openly going against the teachings of Islam in public, and changing the Sunnah (deeds, sayings, etc.) of Muhammad.
Hussain Ibn Ali and his household left Medina to seek asylum in Mecca. There, the people of Kufa sent letters to him, asking his help and pledging their allegiance to him. So he traveled towards Kufa, but near Karbala, his caravan was intercepted by Yazid’s army.

Battle of Karbala

Hussain Ibn Ali was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Karbala on 10 October 680 (10 Muharram 61 AH), along with most of his family and companions, including Hussain’s six-month-old son, Ali al-Asghar, with the women and children taken as prisoners.
Once the Umayyad troops had killed Hussain, his family members, and his male soldiers, they looted and burned the tents, plundered the body of Hussain, stripped the women of their jewellery, trampled over the body of Hussain ibn Ali with horses, and took the skin upon which Ali Zayn al-Abidin was prostrate. Ali had been unable to fight in the battle, due to an illness.
It is said that Shimr was about to kill him, but Hussain’s sister Zaynab was able to convince his commander, Umar ibn Sa’ad, to let him live. In addition, Zayn al-Abidin and other relatives of Hussain were taken, hostage. They were taken to meet Yazid in Damascus, and eventually, they were allowed to return to Medina.

Burial and Return Of His Head To The Body

Hussain’s body is buried in Karbala, the site of his death. His head is said to have been returned from Damascus. Hussain’s son Ali returned his head from Ash-Sham to Karbala, forty days after Ashura, reuniting it with Hussain’s body. Shi’i Muslims commemorate this fortieth day as Arba‘īn, Hussain Ibn Ali’s body was buried by his son, Ali Zayn al-Abidin.
Shi’as mourn during Muharram to pay respect to Hussain Ibn Ali whose sacrifices kept true Islam alive and to show their allegiance and love for Imamate. Many Christians and Sunnis also join them.

Ashura Festival

Shi’as mourn during Muharram to pay respect to Hussain Ibn Ali whose sacrifices kept true Islam alive and to show their allegiance and love for Imamate. Many Christians and Sunnis also join them.
Ashura is commemorated by the Shi’i community as a day of mourning Hussain’s death.
The commemoration of Hussain has become a national holiday and different ethnic and religious communities participate in it. Hussain’s grave became the most visited place of ziyarat for Shi’as. A pilgrimage to Hussain’s shrine in Karbala is said to have the merit of a thousand pilgrimages to Mecca, of a thousand martyrdoms, and of a thousand days fasting.
The Imam Hussain Shrine was later built over his grave in Karbala.
The story of Hussain Ibn Ali has been a strong source of inspiration for Shi’i revolutionary movements, justifying their own resistance against unjust authority.

Celebrities And Ashura Event

Historian Edward Gibbon described the events at Hussain Ibn Ali in Karbala as a tragedy.

Throughout history, many notable personalities, such as Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhi, have cited Hussain’s stand against oppression as an example for their own fights against injustice.

Gandi-and-mandela

ABSTRACT About Hussain Ibn Ali

Hussain Ibn Ali was a 7th-century revolutionary leader who made the ultimate stand for moral justice. His legacy inspires millions to strive for a just society.
Imam Hussain gave everything he had for the dignity of his society in the face of corruption – forever changing the course of history. Today, his selfless stand gives hope to people of all backgrounds.
Hussain Refused To Pledge Allegiance To a Corrupt Tyrant.
Dead With Dignity Is Better Than a Life Of Humiliation.
Hussain Made The Ultimate sacrifice For Moral Justice.
Hussain’s Timeless Legacy Inspires Millions Until Today.

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