SUPPLICATION, PRAYER, AND THEIR INNER PEACE

supplication

Introduction Prayer

In the Arabic language, Salat (worship) means the meaning of supplication (Du’a). For example, to say “Sallaytu alayhi” is coming to the meaning of “I supplicated to the God for Him”. Just as in some verses, Salat and Du’a are used interchangably. For example,

Invoke blessings (Salli) upon them. Your blessing (Salat) will surely bring them peace” (At-Tauba, 9 / 103).

God and His angels shower their blessings (Yusallune) to the Prophet. O believers you should also send your blessings (Sallu) on him” (Ahzab, 33/ 56). For this reason, the Salat statement includes The supplication (Du’a) and Salat (prayer) together. These two elements correspond to the different needs of human soul.

Meaning

In dictionaries, Du’a (Prayer, supplication) comes closer to ‎the meaning of calling, wishing, and crying for help but in Islamic tradition it means ‎a person’s giving his whole self to God and present his physical and spiritual needs to ‎him.‎ Du’a is the personal expression of one’s individual desires, needs, and ‎anxieties.

SUPPLICATION

‎Effects of Supplication (Du’a, Praying)

In fact, the main purpose of Du’a (PRAYER) is to be in the meaning of ‎supplying the needs of people for God and to make supplication to God. Then we can ‎say Du’a (prayer) is a dialogue with God. The need for prayer is a natural one. ‎‎”Psychologically speaking, prayer is instinctive in terms of its origin. Prayer as a ‎means of spiritual illumination is a normal vital act by which the little island of our ‎personality suddenly discovers its situation in a larger whole of life.”
In the context of worship, supplication helps man to overcome his ‎difficulties and this psychological effect gives a result in man’s sincerity of ‎worshipping. ‎

SUPPLICATION


Additionally, praying has a very important effect on the soul’s ‎presence. “‎The best sleep-producing agent is the prayer which his practice has. I say ‎this, purely as a medical man. The exercise of prayer, in those who habitually exert ‎it, must be regarded by us doctors as the most adequate and normal of all the ‎pacifiers of the mind and calmer of the nerves.”
These explanations indicate that supplication has a great impact on the ‎occurrence of spiritual presence.

Islamic faith also includes Salat (prayer; dhikr), which is ‎one of the beautiful directions of Islam. Salat is considered the most important dhikr ‎‎ (The remembrance of God) in Islamic tradition. ‎

By the Prayer, a man cleans his soul’s dirt and purges his negative ‎elements. For this reason, by praying, man gradually goes away from his troubles and ‎the illness of the soul.  Especially ‎Prayer is recognized by all Sufis as the most direct means of alleviating the illness of ‎the soul.‎

God emphasizes these facts in these verses: ‎

‎”Who have believed and whose hearts have rest in the remembrance of ‎Allah. Verily in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest! Those who believe ‎and do right: Joy is for them, and bliss the journey’s end” (Ar-Ra’d, 13/ 28-29)‎

‎”So set your whole being upon the Religion as one of pure faith. This is ‎the original pattern belonging to God upon which He has originated humankind. …” ‎‎( Ar-Rûm, 30/30)‎

Effects of praying on human’s nature

The nature shows an incline to the behavior that accords to it. The nature of ‎humans has been patterned by God on the Fitratallah (God’s own nature). For this ‎reason, to make dhikr is to act according to nature; this calms down man in the ‎context of soul. ‎

The Qur’an calls Islam as Al-Din Al-Qayyim (the right religion, natural ‎religion). According to the above verse, to be a Muslim is to be in ‎behaviors according to the nature.

Ibn Sina (Avicenna) says that the more one’s nature is close to moderate, ‎the better he becomes suitable to get virtue level intelligently and practically.In this viewpoint, since Islam is the religion of nature, it makes ‎man’s nature moderate in giving man the best nature opportunity in the progress of ‎him. This view makes sense in that the past generation who ‎assimilated faith progressed in a short time in virtues and knowledge. Because ‎the religion of Islam brought what reinforces to fitrat.‎

Effets of praying on the soul

As told above Salat (Prayer) is the biggest dhikr (supplication). For this reason, Islam ‎gives man a beautiful psychological state through its prayer ritual. If a man performs ‎prayer, he will feel beauty in his soul after prayer. His soul cannot take ‎shelter his boundary after prayer. This verse explains this reality:‎
‎”Those who believe and find peace in their hearts from the contemplation ‎of God: Surely there is peace of heart in the contemplation of God” (Ra’d, 13/28)‎
The hearts of those who believe are described in this verse as finding a ‎calm, sweet rest in the remembrance of God.

Hearts get peace, get calm and break ‎from their sorrow by God. Because the beginning and the end finishes in God and all ‎of the causes are based on God. The possible chain of existence cuts to God. God is who ‎there is nobody above Him and has nothing further from Him, because Allah is who, ‎far from the end and the quantity both in existence and in conscience, has nothing ‎forward from him that the heartily movement can be further than Him.‎

Ibn Atâ’illâh says that prayer is cleansing for hearts from the stain of ‎iniquities, and an opening to the door of the mysteries. Prayer is the place of ‎confidence and the wellspring of intimacies; It widens the scope of the mysteries ‎and shines on the rays of the luminaries. Especially, night prayer is very much ‎effective for the soul.‎
‎”Surely in the watches of the night the soul is most receptive and words ‎more telling” (73/6)‎
Since Al-Muzzammil sura’s eighth âyath says that “Recite the name of your ‎Trainer…” (73 / 8) in the verse the word “trainer” means educator that shows the ‎night prayer that raises the man to spiritual degrees and in this (way), the role of ‎the God’s training to man will be grand.‎ So Believers accept that man can build up a connection with the other world ‎and the cosmos.


Purification of the outer organs accompanied inner purification. When we ‎think of lemon, how our mouth becomes watery; so there is a correlation between ‎body and soul. For this reason, those who seek the nearness of God always try to remain ‎pure both outwardly and inwardly. the Qur’an says: “Prayer prevents transgression of ‎passions and the grave sins”(29/45) As, when a man stands in front of God five ‎times every day and has his consciousness, he can’t courage to do wrongdoing. By ‎praying, the intimate God-man relationship is deepened and makes a man a person ‎who is spiritually strengthened. So it would appear that one of the important roles of ‎Islamic prayer is to act for protection against the defilement and contamination ‎that affect man’s life.

When a man lives his life with the consciousness of his link with ‎the Lord, he acquires an inward disposition to absorb God’s Attributes and obtains ‎the capacity to resist evil. As prayer is the means ‎of progress towards God, it is also a means of making us obey God’s orders and ‎preventing us from doing that which God has prohibited and forbidden. When a ‎person performs ablution, thinking of all the sins committed by him through his ‎different organs, and goes on praying to God as a penitent asking for His forgiveness ‎and mercy, his sins are forgiven, and hands and face are illumined.

Praying in other cultures

In almost ‎every culture there are prayers, but they differ from each other. In terms of this subject, as ‎meditation and Yoga rituals do not reach the hillside of prayer (salat), they cannot connect ‎the man to the cosmos and the other world, and cannot convey the man to a horizon. But ‎the prayer raises the man to the divine world.
Man’s soul is a transparent essence and has transcendence direction. This ‎fact has been emphasized by psychologists densely by Abraham Maslow’s ‎Transpersonal Psychology and Ken Wilber.‎


Muhammad Iqbal says those about the subject:‎
‎”The ‘Heart’ is a kind of inner intuition or insight which, in the beautiful ‎words of Rumi, feeds on the rays of the sun and brings us into contact with aspects ‎of Reality other than those open to sense-perception. The total -Reality, which ‎enters our awareness and appears on interpretation as an empirical fact, has other ‎ways of invading our consciousness and offers further opportunities for ‎interpretation. The revealed and mystic literature of mankind bears ample ‎testimony to the fact that religious experience has been too enduring and dominant ‎in the history of mankind to be rejected as mere illusion.

Praying | Native american

The facts of religious ‎experience one fact among other facts of human experience and, in the capacity of ‎yielding knowledge by interpretation one fact is as good as another. We are not yet in possession of a really effective scientific method ‎to analyze the contents of non-rational modes of consciousness. ‎

Conclusion

As a result, according to Quran, the remembrance of God gives man rest and ‎soul presence. Since Salat is considered the most important dhikr (The ‎remembrance of God) in Islamic tradition by the Supplication (Du’a) and Prayer ‎‎(Salat) man comes to the close of divine existence and participates in the divine ‎unity. This enables him largely psychological serenity and peace of mind. ‎

ABSTRACT

The article emphasizes two important worships of Islam. Namely focuses on two ‎different sizes of Prayer: The Supplication (Du’a) and Prayer (Salat) word.‎
Supplication or Prayer (Salat) in Islamic tradition means a person’s giving his whole self to God ‎and present his physical and spiritual needs to him. This is a communication ‎between the temporal and spiritual domains. In fact, prayers are as regulators and equalizer ‎systems on personality and character. In the context of worshipping, if prayers are done ‎according to consciousness, they help improve man both inside and outside. As man ‎is consciously worshipping God, feeling that he is in front of God, He feels that all of ‎the time he is in front of God and his control regulates his behaviors.

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