Christianity And The Martyrdom Of Hussain Ibn Ali

The-Revelation-to-John

Prediction is an extraordinary concept which most religions believe in one way or another and at all times, in different religions, different prophecies have been made about great events. One of these predictions, according to Shiite scholars, is related to the event of Karbala (Hussain Ibn Ali).

Shiaa’s Scholars Sayyid Sa’eed Akhtar Rizvi (Understanding Karbala) and S.V. Mir Ahmad Ali (Hussain the Saviour of Islam) mentioned some of these prophecies in their books such as the ancient books of:

  • Hindus
  • Zoroastrians
  • Jews
  • Christians
  • And by the time of his birth.

In this article we are going to talk about the prophecy in Christians’ book.

References in New Testament regarding the Martyrdom of Hussain Ibn Ali

“New Testament” In the parlance of Christians, means “Injeel.” Though, it is not “Injeel” that was revealed to Prophet Jesus (a.s), but It is a collection of books and letters compiled by Christian scholars and companions of Prophet Jesus. The last book of this collection is “The Revelation to John” which is attributed to John the companion of Jesus, contains mostly allegories and similes. By the time Moslem scholars investigated and interpreted this book, they believed that the twelfth and thirteenth chapter of this book deals with the history of Islam from the birth of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) to the end of the reign of Bani Umayyads. It begins with the following words:

“The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants what must soon take place; and he made it known by sending his angel to his servant John.”(The Revelation to John: 1)

At the beginning of the twelfth chapter of Revelations, john says:

“And a great portent appeared in heaven, a woman (prophethood) clothed with the sun (divine help was covering it), with the moon under her feet (Lady Fatima), and on her head a crown of twelve stars (meaning the twelve Imams would have authority in religion); she was with a child (waiting for advent) and she cried out in her pangs of birth (the time of advent was near), in anguish for delivery. And another portent appeared in heaven; behold, a great red dragon (infidels of Quraish), with seven heads and ten horns, and seven diadems upon his heads. His tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven, and cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to bear a child, that he might devour her child when she brought it forth; she brought forth a male child, one who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron, but her child was caught up to God and to his throne, and the woman fled into wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, in which to be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

Now war arose in heaven, Michael and his angels fighting against the dragon; And the dragon and his angels fought, but they were defeated and there was no longer any place for them in heaven, the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, the deceiver o the whole world – he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God. And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death (they got martyred in the propagation of faith).” (Revelation 12:1-11)

Since we know Bani Umayyads, very well, we can say that Abdul Malik Ibn Marwan who consolidated the Umayyad rule for the second time is compared to a beast having ten horns and seven heads. Some people believe that the seven heads signify seven kings and the ten horns are also ten kings. Thus altogether it adds up to seventeen rulers. And that beast is the eighth ruler, who is born from the seventh one. It is worth to mention that seven rulers passed before Abdul Malik and the kingdom of Abdul Malik was a result of their past kingdoms, otherwise he would not have been able to achieve anything. Apart from this, he was born from the seventh ruler, that is Marwan bin Hakam and thus he himself was the eighth ruler. And after Marwan there were ten kings including Abdul Malik Ibn Marwan as follows:

(1) Abdul Malik Ibn Marwan

(2) Walid bin Abdul Malik

(3) Sulaiman bin Abdul Malik

(4) Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz

(5) Yazid Ibn Abdul Malik

(6) Hisham Ibn Abdul Malik

(7) Walid Ibn Yazid Ibn Abdul Malik

(8) Yazid Ibn Walid Ibn Abdul Malik

(9) Ibrahim Ibn Walid Ibn Abdul Malik

(10) Marwan al-Himar.

Thus this allegory and comparison perfectly fits this clan.

 “I saw a beast (Abdul Malik) rising out of the sea (of disbelief), with ten horns (ten successors) and seven heads (predecessors), with ten diadems upon its horns (all were kings) and a blasphemous name upon its heads. And the beast that I saw was like a leopard, its feet were like a bear’s and its mouth was like a lion’s mouth. And to it the dragon (Quraish) gave his power and his throne and great authority. One of its heads seemed to have a mortal wound (that is the third caliph was killed), but its mortal wound was healed (the kingdom again returned to them and Muawiyah became the king), and the whole earth followed the beast with wonder. Men worshipped the dragon (they returned to the customs of the period of Ignorance), for he had given his authority to the beast, and they worshipped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast, and who can fight against it?”

The beast had a mouth uttering haughty and blasphemous words (abusing ‘Ali was well known activity of the Umayyads), and it was allowed to exercise authority for forty-two months; it opened its mouth to utter blasphemies against God, blaspheming his name and his dwelling, that is, those who dwell in heaven (Ahl al-Bayt). Also it was allowed to make war on the saints and to conquer them. And authority was given it over every tribe and people and tongue and nation, and all who dwell on earth will worship it, every one whose name has not been written before the foundation of the world in the book of life (faith) of the Lamb (Imam Hussain) that was slain. (All those who do not have faith in Imam Hussain would follow Abdul Malik) If anyone has an ear, let him hear:

If anyone is to be taken captive, to captivity he goes; If any one slays with the sword, with the sword must he be slain. Here is a call for the endurance and faith of the saints.

After this, there is detailed explanation of Hajjaj Bin Yusuf and his atrocities. But this much is sufficient(Hussain Ibn Ali) for our purpose.

Reference:

– Understanding Karbala by Sayyid Sa’eed Akhtar Rizvi; P 41:43

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