In Karbala, you set foot in a land where one of the greatest events in history and bloody epics took place. A land that has a world of memories. It both burns the heart and sheds tears, and gives man the spirit of zeal, courage, bravery and struggle against oppression. Much can be said about Karbala in Islam and the oppression of its people.
Mu’awiyah, the Umayyad ruler, died in 60 AH. His son Yazid came to the caliphate, while at that time, Hussain was the worthiest person to lead the people, and Yazid was an incompetent, greedy, sinful and cruel person. Yazid ruled in the Levant (Damascus) and Hussain was in Medina. Yazid wrote to the ruler of Medina, Walid ibn Aqaba, to force Hussain to pledge allegiance to Yazid’s government and to behead him if he refused. Hussain, who was never willing to go under the rule of someone like Yazid, did not pledge allegiance and left Medina at night with a number of his relatives, brothers and children and went to Mecca, which was the sanctuary of God and a safe city. The Shiites of Kufa, who were not happy with the rulers, wrote many letters to the Imam asking him to come to Kufa and take their leadership to fight the Yazidis. These incidents took place before Hussain went to Karbala.
Anyway … After four months and five days in Mecca, Hussain left for Kufa. During this time, the situation in Kufa changed. A new ruler who was very cruel and oppressive (named Ibn Zayyad) came to power and made many strictures and martyred the messenger of Imam Hussain, namely Muslim Ibn Aqeel. The people were also frightened and became disloyal.
After 25 days of traveling, after 25 days of movement, Hussain was besieged by thousands of enemy forces in a land called “Karbala” near the Euphrates River and the Al-Qalma River, rather than reaching Kufa. A few days later, on the Day of Ashura, the army of Kufa said 30,000 and more. But Hussain’s companions were very few, including women and children. A few days ago, Hussain’s companions were facing water shortages.
In that land, there was a stream of water along the groves called Alqma, a tributary that separated from the Euphrates River. Hussain and his companions had settled near Al-Qalma to gain access to water. But the enemy placed several thousand soldiers on the outskirts of Al-Qalma so that Hussain and his allies could not use the water. They wanted to force them to surrender and follow Yazid by keeping them thirsty and dehydrated.
When Imam setteld in this land, he ordered the tents to be set up. But they were close together and, in a semicircle, Hussain’s tent was in the middle of these tents. Some of the tents were for Hussain and his family and the Hashemite youth, some for the companions and some for weapons, tools and waterskins.
The Day of Ashura comes, Hussain and his children and companions went to the battlefield from the front of these tents and fought. Once a major attack took place in the morning, after a hand-to-hand battle, first Imam Hussain’s supporters went to the battlefield one by one and fought and were martyred. Then it was Hashemi’s youth, and finally Abbas, and finally Hussain, who was martyred in a heroic battle with them. Everyone went to the battlefield, sang arrogance and epic poems and chants and got involved. These battles, which started on the morning of Ashura, continued until the afternoon.
There were hills between the tents and the battlefield. If anyone wanted to see the battlefield, he had to climb it so that the battlefield and the enemy army could be in his sights. That there is now in Karbala near the shrine of Hussain, about 30 meters across the street, a place called “Zeinabia Hill”, which is built a few steps higher than the street level and looks like a small Hussainiyah, and pilgrims to Karbala also visit it. It was one of the heights that on the Day of Ashura, Zeinab climbed several times in front of the tents to look at the situation in the battlefield and the fate of her brother, and looked at the battlefield. There is not much distance between Zeinabeh hill and the shrine.
On the Day of Ashura, when all the companions, relatives and children of Hussain were martyred, the Imam himself went to the battlefield and attacked many times and fought with that group with great thirst. They fought alone so much and the wounds on his body were inflicted that they finally fell to the ground. But they were still alive and alive. Shamar, one of the executioners and ruthless forces of the enemy, brutally cut off Hussain’s head from his body.
Now Karbala in Islam and Ashura are the place of innocence from the domination of oppression, Karbala in Islam is the memory of the days when we saw the sun of humanity above the spears of ignorance and wept over the oppression of virtues. Karbala is where the truth was visible, but they disarmed it with weapons and revolted against the light of truth.
Karbala in Islam is another opportunity to shout out against oppression, an opportunity to unite with Zeinab Kobra, who revived the commandment of the good and the prohibition of the bad and the pure reform of Muhammad.
Although the incident of Ashura took place in a short time and in a special place, but it spread all over the world and made it beautiful. As Zainab said: I see nothing but beauty. “I hope that what God has willed for us will be good, whether we are killed or victorious,” Hussain said at the beginning of his trip to Karbala. Seeing a sister beautifully and seeing a brother well complement each other. There are many beauty effects and symbols of beauty in the mirror of Karbala in Islam. Heroism, liberty and insight, which are two elements of the most important beauties of Ashura, which immortalized this movement.
Hussain himself started his uprising in Karbala and then Zainab continued it. Zeinab globalized the message of Hussain’s blood in Karbala. Now, Zainab’s message from the martyrs of Karbala is being spread in every city through which the convoy of prisoners passes. And the Umayyads are terrified of the flood of cities and its people …
He described the battle of Karbala as an excellent example of the suffering and martyrdom of the Shiites. The Karbala incident in Islam is the culmination of suffering and oppression for the freedmen. Revenge has been one of the primary goals of many Shiite uprisings. The commemoration of the Karbala incident by the Shiites is not only a retelling of history, but also the pattern of Karbala, the model of life and the norms of behavior that apply to all aspects of life. Hussain’s martyrdom in Karbala is a lesson in public life for Shiites. Many Shiite uprisings, such as the uprising of Sahib Fakh and the uprising of Idris I, the founder of Idrisan, have historically been inspired by the Karbala uprising.
Hussain’s move in Karbala is a sacrifice, as if all the false figures throughout history have been involved in shedding Hussain’s blood, and every time one must avenge the blood of God. Hussain’s martyrdom is not hidden in history and Karbala, but has always been in history. One side of history is Karbala, with free people … and the other side is the Yazidis, with a conquering temperament on humanity and spirituality … and that is where this movement is going on, and everywhere of it is Karbala.
Karbala is a symbol in Iraq … Karbala in Islam is a deed of human freedom, provided if its Hussain is found. With the incident that took place in Karbala and led to the martyrdom of Hussain and his companions. On the one hand, it was an honor for the family of the Prophet to create that epic and martyr it in the fight against oppression and defending the truth, but they did not accept coercion. On the other hand, it was a disgrace for the Umayyads to commit such a brutal and unprecedented massacre for the sake of the presidency and government, and to massacre the dearest people and the sincerest servants of God, and although they claimed to be in the religion of Muhammad, they killed the children of the Prophet.
From then on, the Umayyads tried to forget this scandalous incident and not to mention any of the martyrs of Ashura and not to visit their tombs. Shiite Imams also encouraged their followers to visit Karbala to honor those martyrs in the way of God and to express their love and friendship for them, and to keep their memory alive, and to mourn, weep and visit the grave of Hussain. Those suffocating and dangerous conditions were considered one of the most virtuous deeds. Because such a pilgrimage was a declaration of solidarity with the path of the martyrs and the pilgrim who went and go to the pilgrimage of Hussain, the meaning of his work is that we support this side and group and support their jihad and oppose their enemies and hate their crime, that is, “Toli and Tabari” Which is one of the religious duties of every Muslim.
In any case, Karbala is the house of love, Karbala has been a continuation of the religion of Islam for about fourteen centuries, and the life of Islam is the way of Hussain that passes through Karbala. Now, visiting the Hussain’s tomb ere is Mutawakel Abbasi to see that Karbala has become the qibla of the aspirations of the Muslims? He flooded Hussain’s shrine several times so that no one would visit his tomb and destroyed it.
It was the fortieth day of Hussain’s martyrdom that two famous Shiites named Jabir ibn Abdullah and his wife Atiyah came to Karbala to visit the grave of Hussain and his companions and from then And from that date onwards, the Shiites and even the Sunni brothers come to visit Hussain and his companions and make a pact with their beliefs. Karbala has been a meeting place for Hussaini lovers for 1400 years. Karbala is alive and the center of all freedom-seekers in the world … Every day thousands of Muslims whisper to Hussain where we were to kill Abbas, Ali Akbar and so on.
Now Hussain has so many lovers that people from different countries come to Karbala on foot with allegiance to his ideas. The severed heads of the martyrs of Karbala now have a special sanctity for the Shiite followers, and the hated spirit of the Umayyads has been cursed by all libertarians. The Umayyads tried to forget this scandalous incident and no one remembers the martyrs of Ashura and does not visit their graves, but the followers of that Imam go to Karbala to keep their memory alive and mourn and weep for the martyrs.
Step by step, the land of Karbala is a memory of the love and self-sacrifice of the men of God, and now Karbala in Islam is the qibla of love and freedom for the Shiites. Now, if Mecca is the qibla of the Muslims of the world, Karbala is also the refuge of the beheaded Hussain and the martyrs of the plain of Nineveh who went to this shamble for the sake of God. Karbala is one of the gates of paradise, because it houses the best servants of God.