What Is the Story Behind Karbala and Uprising of Mukhtar ?

karbala incident

In this article we talk about the the Story Behind Karbala and Uprising of Mukhtar. Mu’awiyah died in 60 AH. Yazid, the son of Mu’awiyah, sits on the throne of the Muslim caliphate, and takes allegiance from the people, but Hussain ibn Ali does not pledge allegiance to him. According to the terms of the contract between Hussain ibn Ali and Mu’awiyah, he has no right to nominate a successor. And this is a violation of the contract and is not acceptable according to the Arab law …
Hussain ibn Ali does not swear allegiance to Yazid because he does not have the authority to lead the Islamic community … And Hussain’s 72-man army fought with Yazid’s 30,000-strong army in Karbala, and all of Hussain’s army were martyred, and his family was taken captives.
” But now that the Umayyad armies have defeated Hussain, and Yazid reigns as the caliph of the Muslims”, but that is not true. from the day after Ashura, another journey takes place in the history of Islam, which is right to be addressed …
Every uprising and movement consist mainly of two parts, blood and message. The meaning of blood part is bloody struggles and armed uprising, which requires killing, being killed and martyrdom in the way of the holy goal. The purpose of the message section is to convey the message of the revolution and express its ideals and goals. In the victory of a revolution, the importance of the second part is not less than the first part, because if the goals and aspirations of a revolution are not explained at society the revolution will not gain support of people and will be forgotten at its core and may be caught in distortions and transformations by the enemies of the uprising. The captives of Karbala were the messengers of the uprising.
They were the ones who iterated. Karbala uprising. They were the ones who disgraced the Umayyads in Yazid’s palace and made blood of Hussain and his companions alive. the Karbala uprising.


Story of Karbala


Martyrdom is an invitation for everything and everyone that if you can kill and if you cannot die!
Every revolution has two sides, blood and message.
The message of that living is nothing but belief and fighting. Just Those who can die with honor, can live with honor. Evening of Ashura, battle of Karbala, bloody field has finished by martyrdom of men of God. But this is not the end. This is where Zaynab’s prophecy begins. A woman who bravery learned chivalry from her and his prophecy is harder than his brother, Hussain.
The captives survived, but their mission is hard. Long line of enemy was in front of her path and duty to convey her brother’s message on her shoulders. Convoy of captives enters to the city. The city is decorated for the victory of the infidel army and they rejoice. People gathered in the streets to watch the foreign prisoners who revolt against the Muslim caliph…There are some women and children among them, an old man comes out of the crowd, and says that this is Zaynab, the daughter of Ali, these are not foreigners!
Ibn Ziad asks Zaynab in Kufa, what do you see about Hussain’s captivity and beheading … Zaynab says I saw nothing but beauty. After the arrival captives in Kufa, Imam Sajjad and Lady Zaynab spoke to the people and blamed the Kufis for their failure to help Hussain in Ashura incident. Fatemeh Soghari, the daughter of Hussain, and Umm Kulthum, the daughter of Ali ibn Abi Talib and the sister of Hussain, also give speeches and taunted people of kufa. The captives of Karbala in a specific schedule, during their captivity and from the time they were sent to Kufa and Sham, started to inform people about the uprising of Ashura and the government of Yazid.
During her captivity, Zaynab spoke to the people and recited sermons for them.she told them what crimes were committed against the children of the Prophet in Karbala. She told the people of Kufa and Sham how they closed the water on Hussain and her companions in the Euphrates River and beheaded Hussain’s companions while they were thirsty …
Zaynab had come to keep the blood of the martyrs of Karbala alive by conveying the message, what a kind sister she was to Hussain who did not allow the blood of the martyrs of Karbala to be trampled. Zaynab told history to be either like Hussaini or Zaynab, Zaynab spoke so much about the legitimacy of Hussain and her companions that the uprising of Ashura and Hussain became worldwide. Hussain, with the legitimacy of his way, became a symbol for all the freedmen of history, and Yazid and the Umayyads were cursed by all people.


karbala incident


Zaynab told the people and history that in Karbala, How God showed the most beloved and glorious values He had created in one place, on the Euphrates and on the hot sands of Karbala, and presented them to angels so that they understand why they had to prostrate before Adam?
Zaynab whispered the story of Karbala to the ears of history so much that the Yazidis went down in history and the Hussains became the pure history of religion and freedom… Yazid did not know the story of the captives and the end of the war, which brought him disgrace, which he would never have done if he had known that with Hussain would bring him disgrace and curse. The Umayyads were notorious for the unjustly shed blood of Hussain. The story of the battle of Karbala was not set on the battlefield, but was the message of the captives that disgraced Yazid in history.
The story of Hussain’s uprising, which was accompanied by his martyrdom and that of his devoted companions, led to numerous protests and uprisings around the world. From the individual protests of Zayd ibn Arqam, Ansab ibn Malik and Abdullah ibn Afif, to the uprising of the people of Medina (the event of Harra), the uprising of “Tawabin” and the uprising of Mukhtar, all are considered as protests and uprisings after the martyrdom of Hussain. Although These protests and uprisings, which were affected by the Karbala incident, were suppressed, but they paved the way for the fall of the Umayyad.


Protest of Abdullah Ibn Afif Azdi


Abdullah Ibn Afif Azdi who was blind also spoke against Obaidullah Ibn Ziad, the representative of the Yazid government in Kufa. when Ibn Ziad went to the pulpit in the Grand Mosque of Kufa, said with anger and resentment: Thank God who revealed the truth and the people of truth and helped Lord Yazid and his companions to kill liar son of liar,Hussain and his companions. He stood up and said: O son of Marjaneh, you and your father and the one who gave you the mansion and his father are liars, O son of Marjaneh, you kill the children of the Prophet and speak about truth? Ibn Ziad became angry and said: Who said these words? And Abdullah replied: O enemy of God! I am the speaker of those words. Ibn Ziad ordered his men to arrest him. Although Abdullah Ibn Afif was blind, he fought with Obaidullah Ziad’s troops in his house and defended himself bravely, until he was defeated by the increase of their number and was taken prisoner. He was brought to Ibn Ziad and he ordered to behead him.


Shrine of imam Hussain


Uprising of the people of Medina


Uprising of the people of Medina is Kown as “Harra incident”. The people of Medina revolted against the injustice and oppression of the Umayyad regime and the government of Yazid in Dhu al-Hijjah in 63 AH. This protest was suppressed by Sham’s army.
After the assignment of Uthman ibn Muhammad instead of Walid ibn Aqiya to the government of Medina, In order to please the elders of Medina and to calm down his government, he sent a group of elders of Medina to Sham to see the caliph closely and benefit his gifts. Although Yazid forgave them and gave them dirhams and dinars, when they returned to the city, instead of praising them, they started cursing Yazid in the Prophet’s mosque and said: We come from someone who has no religion, drinks wine, plays the tambourine. And slaves play for him and play with dogs. Then they said: We bear witness to you that we deposed him from the caliphate. The people hated Yazid and he was deposed from the caliphate, and Uthman ibn Muhammad, the governor of Yazid and the Umayyads, were expelled from the city. The people of the city pledged allegiance to Abdullah Ibn Khanzaleh Ghasil al-Malaika. The news of the revolt of the people of Medina reached Damascus, Yazid sent twelve thousand troops to Medina under the command of Muslim ibn Aqaba Mary and the deputy of Hussain ibn Namir al-Sukuni. his army besieged Medina. The resistance of Abdullah ibn Hanzala and the Ansar was useless. In this incident, seven hundred Quraysh and Ansar and ten thousand other people were killed.


Tawabin Uprising


After Yazid’s death in 64 AH, and Obaidullah’s escape from Iraq, unrest increased in the region. The companions of Hussain ibn Ali joined together for the purpose of seeking the blood of that Imam. They saw the forgiveness of their sin in revolting against Hussain’s bloodthirstiness and avenging his blood. The repentants believed that the guilt they had committed in killing Hussain could not be cleared except by killing his killers or being killed in this way.
The Shiites of Kufa, led by Suleiman ibn Surd al-Khaza’i, adopted the name “Tawabin” and their slogan was Hussain’s bloodlust. At the same time, power in Iraq (Basra and Kufa) was in the hands of the Zubayrians. Tawabin gathered forces and weapons and gathered at the Nakhaile garrison to recruit troops.
The Tawabin revolted on the 5th of Rabi ‘al-Thani in the year 65 AH. On their way to revenge, they first went to Karbala, where they wept and mourned for several days, repenting that they had neglected the Imam. Then they decided to go to war with Obaidullah Ibn Ziad. The Tawabin camped at Ain al-Warda, on the “island” of northern Iraq. Marwan Ibn Hakam, the Umayyad ruler of Damascus, sent Obaidullah to fight them. The Tawabin were defeated in this unequal war and their leaders were killed except Rifa’a ibn Shaddad. He returned to Kufa with the rest of the Tawabin group.


the battle of karbala


Uprising of Mukhtar


At the time of Hussain’s uprising, Mukhtar lived in Kufa and was considered a Shiite (Muslim Ibn Aqeel, Hussain’s ambassador, first entered his house). During the Karbala incident, Mukhtar was in Obaidullah Ibn Ziad prison. After the Karbala incident, Mukhtar was released from prison through the mediation of her sister Abdullah’s husband. After his release, he went to Mecca and joined the Zubayrians, but after a while he separated from the Zubayrians and invited the people to him. He asked the Shiites to come to his side and help him in his uprising. After the defeat of Tawabin, Mukhtar organized the Shiites and paved the way for his uprising.


Mukhtar and Muhammad ibn Hanafiya


A group of Shiites went to Hejaz with Muhammad ibn Hanafiya to investigate the claim of Mukhtar, who introduced himself as the representative of Muhammad ibn Hanafiya. Muhammad ibn Hanafiyyah took them to Sajjad ibn Hussain to ask what to do. Sajjad said:”Dear uncle” If the servant of Zangi has a prejudice (revolts) because of us Ahl al-Bayt, it is obligatory on the people to help him. Then he said: I leave this matter to you, do as you see fit. The Shiites left the Imam and said that Sajjad and Mohammad Hanafieh allowed us to jihad, so the Shiites joined Mukhtar.
After gaining the support of the Shiites, Mukhtar also attracted Ibrahim ibn Malik Ashtar. (Mukhtar succeeded in gaining Ibrahim’s support by presenting a letter from Muhammad ibn Hanafiyyah addressed to Ibrahim, asking him to help Mukhtar seek revenge for Hussain’s assassins.)
Mukhtar started his uprising in the year 66 AH, with the slogan “Ya Mansour Ummah” the slogan “Ya Latharat Al-Hussain”.
Iranians living in Kufa, known as “Hamra”, took part in the uprising. Some historians have written that number is 20,000. Mukhtar ordered that anyone involved in the Karbala tragedy in any way should be punish.


what people Mukhtar killed?


Among those killed by Mukhtar are Shamar ibn Dhi Al-Jushn, Umar ibn Sa’d, Sanan ibn Anas, Khulib ibn Yazid, Harmalah ibn Kahl al-Asadi, Bajdal ibn Salim, Hakim ibn Tufayl, Marhab ibn Munqiz, and Zayd ibn. Mukhtar sent the heads of some of them to Muhammad ibn Hanafiya, and Muhammad observed Mukhtar and prayed for him Mukhtar then sent a large army consisting of Iranians and Arabs under the command of Ibrahim ibn Malik al-Ashtar to confront Obaidullah ibn Ziad. Ibrahim succeeded in defeating Obaidullah near Mosul and sent his head to Mukhtar.
Mukhtar sent Obaidullah’s head to Muhammad ibn Hanafiyyah and to Sajjad for a narration. Muhammad ibn Hanafiya and Sajjad were happy to see the head of Obaidullah and came out of the mourning clothes with the family of the prophet, and Bani Hashem praised Mukhtar. Eventually, Musab ibn Zubayr succeeded in defeating Mukhtar and entering Kufa, and defeated Mukhtar and killed him.

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