It is narrated in history that on the evening of Ashura, Umar ibn Sa’d ordered the bodies of Yazid’s soldiers to be buried, but the bodies of the martyrs of Karbala land were on the ground in the heat of the sun until the Bani al-Assad tribe, who lived near Karbala land, buried the bodies on the second night.
Karbala land is the place of martyrdom of Hussain and his loyal companions in the event of Ashura (10 Muharram 61 AH). Karbala land is currently one of the cities of Iraq (Mesopotamia) located along the Euphrates River. This city was a desert until 61 AH. From this time onwards, due to the martyrdom of Hussain Ibn Ali, the Shiites gradually came to the attention of that place, and after the construction of the shrines of the martyrs, it became the center of the population, and today it is one of the pilgrimage cities of Iraq.
Karbala land is the burial place of Hussain and his brothers and children, who are known to be 72 in the Shiite narration. Karbala land was the burial place of the bodyless Hussain Haier, which was named Hussain’s tomb and quickly attracted pilgrims. In the year 65 AH, Suleiman ibn Sadr al-Khaza’i stayed there overnight with his companions… In 236 AH, Mutawakkil Abbasi submerged the tombs of Hussain and other martyrs of Karbala land , and destroyed its land and plowed it and imposed severe punishments for visiting the holy tombs. But again, a domed tomb was built on it, which Hamda Mostofi describes in the book “Nazhat al-Qulub”.
In 369 AH, Dabbab ibn Muhammad al-Asadi, the leader of several tribes, destroyed Karbala land In the same year, Az-Dawla Dailami took the shrines of Karbala and Najaf under his protection. Hasan ibn Fadl (died 414 AH) built a wall around the holy tombs of Hussain and Ali (Najaf). Malek Shah Seljuks visited Karbala land in 479 AH. Ghazan Khan went to Karbala in 702 AH and presented precious gifts In the time of Ghazan (or his father), a river from the Euphrates was drawn to Karbala land, which is now called the Hosseiniyah River. Shah Ismail Safavid went on a pilgrimage to Karbala land and Najaf, Sultan Suleiman Qahuni repaired the Hosseiniyah river and turned the burned lands of Karbala into gardens. In the year (1032 AH), after the conquest of Baghdad, Shah Abbas made Karbala and Najaf part of the territory of Iran. Nader Shah Afshar went to Karbala land in 1156 AH and ordered the gilding of Imam Ali’s dome. Mohammad Khan Qajar in the late 12th century AH. AH covered the dome and minaret of Hussain with gold. In Dhi Hajjah 1215 AH, when the pilgrims of Karbala went to Najaf, 12,000 Wahhabis led by Sheikh Massoud entered Karbala land and killed more than 3,000 people, looted houses and markets, looted tomb gold and other treasures, and They destroyed the tomb. After this tragedy, aid from all over the Shiite world flowed to Karbala for reconstruction. In 1259 AH, Najib Pasha imposed Ottoman rule on the city. In the days of Muharram, the population of the city multiplied with the arrival of convoys of Iranian pilgrims going from Karbala to Najaf and then to Mecca. Half of Karbala’s inhabitants were Iranians, and a large minority of Shiites from India and Pakistan also live in the city.
The name Karbala had been specially used a for the eastern part of the city’s groves, and the city itself was called Mashhad Hussain. Hussain’s tent and the cemetery of the believing Shiites are in the Hamadi desert plain west of Karbala.