Why Karbala city Is Important?

between the two shrines in karbala city

Hussain leaves Mecca for Karbala city, Hussain leaves for Mecca to avoid pledging allegiance to Yazid. When the people of Kufa hear that Hussain is in Mecca, they send him 12,000 letters inviting him to go to Kufa to take over the leadership of the Kufis. Hussain sends his cousin Muslim Ibn Aqeel as his ambassador to Kufa. On the 5th of Shawwal in the year 60 AH, Muslim secretly entered Kufa and went to the house of Mukhtar Saghafi. The Shiites came to him and welcomed him and pledged allegiance to him. For 35 days after Muslim’s arrival, about 18,000 people pledged allegiance to him … At the same time, Yazid, receiving news from inside Kufa, removed Nu’man ibn Bashir, the ruler of Kufa, and sent Obaidullah Ziad to Kufa instead of Nu’man. Obaidullah entered Kufa at night anonymously. Obaidullah, the new ruler of Kufa, soon took control of the city of Kufa by mobilizing and organizing his own forces, and by threatening the people and the tribal leaders, he scattered them around Muslim. Ibn Ziad, on the orders of Yazid, arrested Muslim Ibn Aqeel and martyred him.
The news of the martyrdom of Muslim and Hani was the most important bad news about the situation in Kufa that reached Hussain. Hussain was still hoping for letters, invitations and allegiances from the Kufis, because there were many Shiites in the city and hoped they will help Hussain. so, Hussain continued to move to Kufa. While on his way to Kufa, Hussain was confronted by Yazid Riahi, who was trying to control the area and prevent Hussain from moving towards Kufa. Hussain asked him if he had come to their aid or was against them. he said: “Against you” … So, Hussain spoke about the invitation of the Kufis and their letters, and that if the people returned from their invitation, he was ready to return the way he came. Harr replied: that he is unaware of the letters and has a mission to take him to Kufa with Obaidullah Ibn Ziad, Hussain agreed to move to Kufa. The two armies of Hussain and Harban Ibn Yazid Riahi were moving across each other until they reached Karbala. …. So Horr said to Hussain: “Settle here because the Euphrates is near.”
Hussain said: “What is the name here?” Horr replied: “Karbala”. The Imam said: “Here is the place of suffering and calamity. My father passed by on his way to Safin and I was with him. He stopped and asked for its name, they told him its name. So, he said, “This is the place where their convoy settle, and the place where their blood is shed.” They asked about the matter and he replied:” “A convoy from the family of Muhammad is landing here.” Then Hussain said: “Here is the place of our convoy and our tents and the shamble of our men and the place where our blood is shed.” He then ordered that their stuff be unloaded there.
It is narrated that after settling in Karbala, Hussain gathered his children, brothers and family and looked at them and cried, then said:” “O God, it is true that we are the family of the Prophet Muhammad who expelled us from our city and land, and Distraught and wanderer, we left the shrine of our ancestors and the Umayyads attacked us. May God take our rights from them and help us against the oppressors. So he turned to his companions and said:” People are the slaves of the world and religion is the whisper of their language, their support for religion is to the extent that their life is in prosperity. Whenever calamities occur, the number of believers decreases”
So, on the third day of Muharram, Umar ibn Sa’d entered Karbala with four thousand people from Kufa. Omar ibn Sa’d came to Hussain with a letter from Obaidullah ibn Ziad, the ruler of Kufa, to surrender and pledge allegiance to Yazid ibn Mu’awiyah, or they will be killed … Hussain saw all the roads closed, and the war is at the end of the line … So, on the night of Ashura, he gathered his companions and said that I let you go. go with the peace of mind that allegiance to me is not a responsibility Now that the darkness of the night has covered, take a ride and go…
On this night, first the family of Hussain and then his companions each declared their allegiance in epic speeches and emphasized on sacrificing their lives in defense of Hussain …
It is the Day of Ashura, the calm sun slowly illuminates the land of Karbala, and both the Yazidi and Hossainian armies face each other. Omar Sa’d Corps 30,000 people, Hussain’s Corps seventy-two people… This is a small army, but the brave and courageous ones who wield the sword for the sake of God, were so brave that the enemy armed to the teeth was teriified. The blood of Hussain and his companions watered the land of Karbala on the evening of Ashura and revived Karbala, and it was there that Karbala survived throughout the history of mankind and became the qibla of freedom for a nation. From the day after Ashura in 61 AH, Karbala was no longer a desert, but an affluent land where the messenger of blood was unjustly shed by Hussain and his companions … and then Karbala became important …

 

IMAM HUSSAIN’S SHRINE in karbala city

 

Where Is Karbala city?

Karbala is located in the south of Iraq, in the western part of the Euphrates River, and its distance to the city of Baghdad is 97 km. This city used to be a desert and a place for convoys to pass through different cities in Iraq. There have been many villages around Karbala for a long time, especially in the areas adjacent to the Euphrates River. The most important event that made Karbala city famous and important to the Shiites is the event of Ashura. Two days after the Ashura incident, the Bani Assad tribe buried the bodies of those killed in Karbala, and the next day, Karbala city became the place of Hussain’s lovers and visiting the graves of the Ashura victims became a heartfelt wish of the Muslims.
The emphasis of the Shiite Imams on visiting the shrine of Hussain and the attention of the Shiites to it, paved the way for the construction of the tomb of Imam Hussain, its development and the construction of a residence for pilgrims and neighbors of the shrine of Hussain in Karbala city during the Bani Umayya and Bani Abbasi. The emphasis of the Shiite Imams on visiting the shrine of Hussain and the attention of the Shiites to it, paved the way for the construction of the tomb of Imam Hussain, its development and the construction of a residence for pilgrims and neighbors of the shrine of Hussain in Karbala during the Bani Umayya and Bani Abbasi. The emergence of Shiite uprisings after the Karbala incident also played a role in the Shiites’ attention to Hussain’s tomb. In their uprising, the Tawabin visited the tomb of Hussain in the middle of the road from Nakhila to Damascus and announced their commitment to the path of Imam Hussain. In the Mukhtar uprising, there was also attention to Karbala and the pilgrimage to Hussain’s tomb Mukhtar Saghafi was the first to build a mosque on the tomb of Hussain, a small mosque and a village consisting of a collection of houses made of sand, stems and palm tree branches. With the increase of pilgrims to Karbala and the residence of some Muslims around the shrine of Hussain, at the same time with the weakness of the Bani Umayya and the formation of the Abbasid state, the development of Karbala became important new houses were built near Hussain’s shrine using suitable building materials.

 

Aba-Abdillah SHRINE in karbala city

 

These actions were considered by Shiites as a threat to some Abbasid caliphs. Hence, caliphs such as Harun al-Rasheed and Mutawakel Abbasi during their rule ordered the destruction of the shrine and surrounding buildings. However, it seems that the actions of the Abbasid caliphs could not prevent Karbala city from becoming the residence of some Shiites. After Harun, during the reign of his son Mamun Abbasi, the shrine of Hussain and the destroyed buildings were rebuilt and partially rebuilt in Karbala. After the destruction of the Mutawakel period, it flourished again in the Karbala city and in addition to rebuilding the shrine and destroyed areas, new places were established, including the Karbala bazaar. During the Abbasid period, scientific circles were also formed by the companions of the Imams in Karbala city, which is known as the first period of the seminary of Karbala. The reign of Al-Buwayh is the period of growth and prosperity of Karbala. The rulers of Al-buwayh, in addition to visiting the shrine of Hussain, also encouraged people to visit the tombs of Karbala. The construction and development of the Karbala city took place during the time of Al-Buwayh.
Karbala city with attention of Safavid and Qajar kings from the 10th to the 13th centuries AH, the extensive residence of Iranians has entered a new stage of architecture and the prosperity at this stage, in addition to the reconstruction and development of the shrines of Hussain and Abbas and other places of pilgrimage in Karbala, Iranians living in Karbala have played a major role in the prosperity of trade and the establishment of Hussainiyya, seminaries and … in these periods.
Now, 1400 years after the death of Hussain and his companions, tens of thousands of lovers of that Imam visit their tombs every day and send curses on Yazid, Ibn Ziad and Umar Sa’d.
Karbala city is important for Muslims, in which Hussain, the lord of the freedmen and the son of Muhammad, is asleep. Karbala city is a symbol of the struggle against oppression, and it is there that Hussain declared, “whoever oppresses, and whoever lives under the burden of oppression, their sins are the same”.
Every year, millions of people who love Hussain’s path from the farthest corners of the world walk to Karbala on the Day of Ashura to make a pact of loyalty and freedom with Hussain … Karbala city is important because it is the qibla of free people, now Karbala and Hussain have become a symbol of the struggle against oppression and tyranny. Where is Yazid Seftani to see that Hussain is resurrected and immortalized, and they are cursed by history …
Karbala city is important because it is the qibla of freedmen, now Karbala and Hussain have become a symbol of the struggle against oppression and tyranny. Where is Yazid Seftani now to see that Hussain is resurrected and immortalized? and they are cursed by history …

 

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