Between The Two Shrines

Where is Between The Two Shrines(Bin al-Harmain)

Have you ever been in a place between the two heavens and you do not have the power to decide which way to go?

Where is between the two shrines?

In Iraq, the city of Karbala is the shrine of the third Shiite Imam, Imam Hussain (AS) and his brother Hazrat Abul-Fazl (AS). 

The border between these two shrines is called (Bin al-Harmain) between the two shrines, which is one of the most important places in Karbala and is considered a holy place for the Shiites of the world.

Geographical location

Bin al-Harmain is located in the center of Karbala, 100 km southwest of Baghdad.

The distance between the two shrines to the Furat (Euphrates River) is about 30 km. 

The water tributary of the Euphrates River passes 35 km northeast of Karbala, and for this reason, the distance between the Euphrates River and the shrine of Hazrat Abbas (AS) is closer.

Distance between the two shrines

The distance between the shrines is 378 meters, which is equal to the distance between Safa and Marwa in Mecca.

The same issue has been stated in various narrations about the cause of the distance between the two shrines.

Between the two holy shrines, on the one hand, it reaches the eastern door of the shrine of Imam Hussain (AS) and on the other side, the shrine of Qamar Bani Hashem, Hazrat Abolfazl (AS).

The shrine of Hazrat Abbas (AS) is located northeast of the shrine of Hussain Ibn Ali (AS).

Places around Bin al-Harmain

  • Ghatlegah: The place where Hussain bin Ali was killed.
  • Tal Zainabia : The hill from where Zeinab looked at the battlefield.
  • The Tents: The place of the tent of Hussain Ibn Ali and his family and companions.
  • Kiff ul Abbas: Symbol of the hand of Hazrat Abbas.
  • The position of Ali Akbar(Maqam Ali Akbar) : The place where Ali Akbar was killed
  • The position of Ali Asghar (Maqam َ Ali Asghar): The place where Ali Asghar was killed.
  • Maqam al-Hajjah : The position of Mahdi ibn Hassan along the Furat(Euphrates River).
  • Madfan Al-Shohada: Martyrs’ burial place.

History Bin al-Harmain

The great event of Karbala on the day of Ashura took place in the current place between the two holy shrines near the Euphrates River.

in the year 61 AH, and for this reason, every year in the months of Muharram and Safar, especially the days of Tasua and Ashura, many Muslims go to the two holy shrines and make pilgrimages and mourning. 

The shrine of Sayyid al-Shuhada (The Master of Martyrs) and Hazrat Abbas (AS) travel to Karbala.

At this time of year, there is a lot of crowding between the two shrines.

In recent years, coinciding with Arbaeen Hussaini, which is the 40th day of the death of Imam Hussain (AS) and Hazrat Abolfazl (AS) and their companions, many Muslims go to Karbala from different parts of the world to walk between the two shrines and visit the shrines.

During the many years after the Ashura incident, the shrines of Imam Hussain (AS) and Hazrat Abbas were repeatedly attacked by the Arab government. Finally, in the time of Al-Buwayh, an order was issued for the complete construction of the holy shrines of the Shiites.

The border between the two shrines before the construction of the shrine was a neighborhood like other neighborhoods of Karbala and had an old texture, Narrow and winding alleys and people’s houses and shops. 

Due to the vastness and high cost of land, houses and hotels, the purchase of land and the expansion of the plan between the two shrines have become very expensive. The time of construction between the two shrines dates back to about 35 years ago.

Development plan Bin al-Harmain

In 1393 AH, the decision was made to repair and expand the shrine in the office of the Iraqi holy shrines, and in 1400 AH, the plans for the reconstruction of the shrine reached the executive stages.

That is, two years later, the route between the two holy shrines was unveiled and inaugurated with the new gilding of the court of Hussain bin Ali (AS).

All the houses and shops in the area between the two shrines were bought and demolished to make way between the two shrines.

but the plan to widen the shrine between the two shrines continued in the following years. And the shops were destroyed. In the meantime, seminaries, mosques and tombs of elders were destroyed.

Until 1991, there were still many commercial buildings on both sides of the route between the two shrines that were being built during the reconstruction.

But in the end, with the destruction of this building, it spread even more between the two shrines.

Renovation projects around the shrine continue, and today the aim of the renovation is to develop the infrastructure of the city of Karbala, especially around the shrine, to provide better services to travelers and pilgrims. 

In this regard, the process of demolition and renovation of the streets around the shrine continues and this project is expected to be completed by 2035.

Today, the distance between the two shrines has been paved. The paving operation between the two holy shrines was carried out with first-class Italian marble on a land of 24,270 square meters, with palm trees on either side.

Number of palms and the reason for its number

The number of palms planted in the gardens between the two holy shrines is 56, which indicates the noble life of Imam Hussain (as).

These palms are located in four directions and 14 palms have been planted in each direction, which indicates the fourteen infallibles (AS) and its total area reaches 150 square meters.

The distance between each palm is 10 meters and the height of each is currently about 9 meters. There is also a seasonal and periodic plan for treating trees for irrigation, fertilization and pest control.

The product of the trees

The date crop of these palms is distributed free of charge among the pilgrims after the arrangement as a blessed gift, so that in 1398, 7500 kg of dates were distributed among the pilgrims.